India, the world's fastest growing
free-market democracy, presents lucrative opportunities
for all types of businesses especially U.S. companies.
In 2005, U.S. merchandise exports to India were almost
$8 billion, doubled since 2002.
U.S. companies have the chance to make or increase sales
in this booming market by joining the U.S. Department
of Commerce's International Trade Administration Business
Development Mission to India. Under Secretary for International
Trade Franklin L. Lavin will lead the Mission with coordination
by the U.S. Commercial Service in the United States
India, a triangular shaped country in southern Asia,
buttressed by the long sweep of the Himalayas in the
north and protruding into the Indian Ocean in the south.
Located in the northern parts of India are mostly snow
covered mountain ranges. While in the southern and eastern
regions of the country it is mostly hilly and plains.
The wildlife of India is almost as varied as the countryside
itself. Some of the highlights of India's fauna are
its lions, tigers, leopards, panthers, elephants and
Although India occupies only 2.4% of
the world's land area, it supports over 15% of the world's
population. Only China has a larger population. Almost 33%
of Indians are younger than 15 years of age. About 70% of
the people live in more than 550,000 villages, and the remainder
in more than 200 towns and cities. Over thousands of years
of its history, India has been invaded from the Iranian plateau,
Central Asia, Arabia, Afghanistan, and the West; Indian people
and culture have absorbed and changed these influences to
produce a remarkable racial and cultural synthesis.
The people of India have had a continuous
civilization since 2500 B.C., when the inhabitants of the
Indus River valley developed an urban culture based on commerce
and sustained by agricultural trade. This civilization declined
around 1500 B.C., probably due to ecological changes.
U.S. citizens require a passport and
visa to enter and exit India for any purpose.
Medical facilities and health
Adequate to excellent medical care is
available in the major population centers, but is usually
very limited or unavailable in rural areas. Visitors to India
should pay special attention to safe food and water precautions,
and steps the traveler can take to avoid contracting malaria.
Visitors planning to hike in the mountainous areas of northern
India should pay attention to the risk of altitude illness.
Traffic safety and road conditions
While in a foreign country, U.S. citizens
may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from
those in the United States. The information below concerning
India is provided for general reference only, and may not
be totally accurate in a particular location or circumstance.
Full country name: Republic of India
Area: 3,287,590 sq km (1,229,737 sq mi)
Population: 1,129,866,154 (July 2007 est.)
Capital city: New Delhi
Languages: Hindi, English
Religion: 80% Hindu, 14% Muslim, 2.4% Christian, 2% Sikh,
0.7% Buddhist, 0.5% Jains, 0.4% other
Government: Federal Republic
President: Shrimati Pratibha Patil
GDP: US $4.156 trillion
GDP per head: US $800
Annual growth: 9.4%
Exports (Apr 06 - Mar 07): $126.33 billion
Imports (Apr 06 - Mar 07): $190.56 billion
Major industries: Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel,
transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery,
rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes;
cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry, fish
Major trading partners: US, Hong Kong, UK, Japan, Germany,
Belgium, Saudi Arabia
Association of India, Anchorage (CAIA) educates and informs
Americans of other cultural heritage about the rich cultural
legacy of many parts of Indian sub-continent and provides
mutual education and cultural exchanges between Americans
of other cultural inheritances with Indian cultural heritage.